Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Making Machine


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Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Making Machine

Palm kernel shell charcoal making machine achieves efficient recycling of palm processing waste. The machine revolutionizes waste management in the palm industry. Through efficient charcoal production, the machine restores value to palm waste resources. As a professional manufacturer, Beston Group provides customers with diverse types of palm kernel shell charcoal machine. This allows customers to get the most suitable solution.

Beston Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Making Machine
Beston Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Making Machine

Current Status of Palm Processing Waste Management

Key Figures for Palm Cultivation

In recent years, the palm industry has developed rapidly. The global palm planting area reaches 30 million hectares. In addition, in the past five years, the global average palm fruit production reached 415 million tons. In particular, Indonesia and Malaysia are palm planting and palm oil producing countries, with annual palm fruit output reaching 250 million tons and 95 million tons respectively. The chart below shows the distribution of the top five palm fruit annual output countries and palm planting regions.

Current Status of Palm Planting

What is Palm Palm Processing Waste

When palm fruits are harvested, they are sent to palm oil mills for processing. During the processing of palm fruits, several by-products are produced. These include palm kernel shells (PKS) and empty fruit bunches (EFB). They all have corresponding recycling methods, but there are still some limitations.

Palm Kernel Shell
Palm Kernel Shell
  • Source: In palm processing, palm fruits are usually shelled. After the kernels and shells are separated, the palm kernel shells are usually a discarded by-product;
  • Feature: high hardness, less moisture, good combustion performance;
  • Recycling Method: Directly used as fuel or used in biomass energy production;
  • Limitation: Moisture, ash and other impurities lead to less stable combustion.
Empty Fruit Bunch
Empty Fruit Bunch
  • Source: Empty fruit bunches are the combination of dried fruit branches and palm fiber remaining after the palm fruits are picked. Its accumulation volume is huge;
  • Feature: Soft texture, high humidity, average caloric value;
  • Recycling Method: Usually used for compost or organic fertilizer;
  • Limitation: Can’t achive large-scale reduction processing. In addition, the composting process produces greenhouse gases such as methane.

Therefore, finding efficient and clean recycling solutions has become the top priority in palm processing waste management. The emergence of biomass pyrolysis technology has addressed this issue perfectly.

Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Machine: Redefining Sustainable Recycling

Palm kernel shell charcoal making machine is an equipment that realizes efficient recycling of palm waste. Through pyrolysis process, the machine converts palm kernel shells/empty fruit bunches into charcoal. The conversion process typically involves heating these palm processing wastes in an oxygen-free environment to remove volatile compounds and moisture. As a result, the machine is able to produce high-quality charcoal. The EFB&PKS charcoal can be used as fuel or as a raw material in various industries.

PKS to PKS Charcoal

3 Types Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Machine Available for Sale

Batch Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Machine

Batch Type

Model: BST-J12/18/40

  • one furnace per day;
  • no need for crusher/dryer.

Skid-mounted Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Machine

Mobile Type

Model: BST-05Pro

  • lower shipping cost;
  • Easy to install and operate.

Continuous Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Machine

Continuous Type

Model: BST-10/30/50

  • work 24 hours per day;
  • high-volume production.
ModelBST-J12BST-J18BST-J40BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)BST-10BST-30BST-50
Input Capacity12m³/batch18m³/batch40m³/batch0.3-0.5m³/h2-4m³/h7-9m³/h10-15m³/h
Reactor Sizeφ1900mm*L4500mmφ1900mm*L6600mmφ2800mm*L7100mmφ830mm*L5500mmφ1300mm*L14051mmφ1700mm*L14180mmφ2000mm*L14260mm
Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)9m*6m*6m12m*6m*7m15m*18m*7m10m*8m*3.9m29m*15m*5m30m*15m*8m35m*18m*9m
Weight (Standard Configuration)18T22T34T15T35T35T49T
Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)11kw/h13.5kw/h25kw/h31kw/h34.7kw/h61.5kw/h116kw/h
Working MethodBatchFully continuous
Feeding Requirement/Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity
StructureHorizontal rotationDouble barrel single hearthDouble barrel double hearth
Control MethodControl by buttonsPLC control
Reactor MaterialQ245RQ245+310S
PressureMicro negative pressure
Heating MaterialDiesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomass, etc.
Heating MethodDirect heating
Noise (dB)≤80
CondenserCirculating water cooling
Rotation MethodExternal gear rotation

Overview of Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Production Process


Before feeding, the palm kernel shells need to be dried and crushed. The dryer reduces the moisture content in the raw materials and reduces excess heat loss during the reaction process. The crusher crushes the raw materials to a suitable feed size: 20mm (5-8mm is optimal). Subsequently, the raw materials enter the carbonization furnace along with the feeding system.

Step 1


The entire pyrolysis reaction takes place in a micro-oxygen environment. Additionally, the temperature is typically between 380°C and 450°C. The reaction process removes internal moisture, mixes biogas and volatile substances. Thus, PKS charcoal is formed. Meanwhile, after dust removal and purification, the combustible gas can be used as fuel to provide a heat source for the reaction.

Step 2


Palm kernel shell charcoal is discharged through a water-cooled screw discharger system. This ensures that the charcoal cools quickly. In addition, the discharging process generates no dust.

Step 3

Waste Gas Treatment

The exhaust gas enters the spray tower and cooling tower. After dust removal and cooling, it is discharged from the chimney. Beston Group also provides high-standard customized exhaust gas treatment systems. The flue gas treated by this system can meet EU emission standards.

Step 4

Unlocking PKS Charcoal’s Versatile Application Potential

The charcoal produced by the palm kernel shell charcoal making machine is of high quality and consistency. In addition, the machine can meet the production standards of biochar machine. Therefore, the charcoal produced by this machine has a wide range of applications.

PKS Charcoal for Industrial Fuel

Industrial Fuel

PKS charcoal serves as an excellent industrial fuel, offering high calorific value and clean combustion. Its consistent quality and energy efficiency make it a preferred choice for powering boilers, furnaces, and kilns in industrial settings, contributing to cost savings and reduced environmental impact.


PKS Charcoal for BBQ Charcoal & Hookah Charcoal

BBQ & Hookah Charcoal

The high-quality charcoal produced from palm kernel shells is ideal for use in BBQ grills and hookahs. Its low ash content, long burning time, and pleasant aroma enhance the grilling experience and elevate the flavor of grilled food. Similarly, in hookah smoking, this kind of charcoal provides even heat distribution and produces smooth, flavorful smoke, enhancing the enjoyment of hookah enthusiasts.


PKS Charcoal for Metal Smelting Reducing Agent

Metal Smelting Reducing Agent

In the metallurgical industry, palm kernel shell charcoal serves as a reliable reducing agent in metal smelting processes. Its high carbon content facilitates the removal of oxygen from metal ores during smelting, resulting in the production of high-quality metals with minimal impurities. Palm shell charcoal’s consistent performance and cost-effectiveness make it indispensable in various metal smelting operations.


PKS Charcoal for Soil Additives

Soil Additives

Charcoal produced by palm processing waste can be used as a soil additive to improve soil quality and enhance plant growth. Its porous structure facilitates water retention, aeration, and nutrient absorption in the soil, promoting healthy root development and overall plant vigor. Additionally, the charcoal helps neutralize soil acidity and improve soil structure, making it suitable for a wide range of agricultural applications.


PKS Charcoal for Feed Additives

Feed Additives

In animal husbandry and aquaculture, palm shell charcoal serves as a valuable feed additive with various benefits. Its adsorptive properties aid in toxin binding and detoxification in animal feed, reducing the risk of digestive disorders and improving feed efficiency. Additionally, palm shell charcoal promotes gut health by balancing intestinal microflora and enhancing nutrient absorption, resulting in healthier and more productive livestock and aquatic species.


PKS Charcoal for Carbon Sequestration

Carbon Sequestration

Biochar produced from PKS&EFB plays a crucial role in carbon sequestration. It can mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and combate climate change. By converting palm processing waste into stable biochar through pyrolysis, the biochar pyrolysis machine helps sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. It effectively reduces carbon footprint. This carbon-neutral process contributes to environmental sustainability and supports efforts to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change.


Palm Kernel Shell Charcoal Machine Creates New Value for Palm Industry

Innovative Waste Management

  • Reduction: This biochar production machine achieves a large-scale reduction in the accumulation capacity of palm processing wastes such as PKS and EFB. In addition, on the premise of greatly reducing the original treatment cost, it also reduces the negative impact on the environment.
  • Resource Utilization: The machine realizes the “waste to wealth” recycling model. The machine gives a second life to waste palm biomass that has been deemed to have lost its use value. Through the production of charcoal/biochar, the resource potential of waste is maximized.

Expand Product System

  • Exploiting New Markets: The recycling industry has boomed in recent years. This provides huge market opportunities for the palm industry. Investing in a palm kermel shell charcoal machine is not only a way to open up the future market, but also to keep pace with the times and cater to the rapid development trend of the recycling industry.
  • Broaden Profit Channels: Palm charcoal/biochar, as a multifunctional eco-friendly product, has huge market demand in agriculture, animal husbandry, industry and other fields. Taking this high value resource as an opportunity, the palm industry can expand profit channels. Thus, this enables diversified sources of income.

Leading Green Development

  • Promoting Sustainable Development: Palm charcoal/biochar can be directly used in the palm industry’s energy supply and palm cultivation. This not only helps reduce production costs, but also reduces the consumption of traditional energy and fertilizers. This enables the industry to move towards a sustainable development.
  • Enhance Brand Image: The palm waste recycling initiative showcases the palm industry’s commitment to sustainable transformation. As an environmental advocate, a company’s green image will attract more consumer support. This strengthens the connection with consumers and enhances brand value.

New Value for Palm Industry

ROI Analysis of PKS Charcoal Production Project

For clients, return cycles and investment stability are top priorities. Beston Group will provide customized process & configuration solutions based on the actual situation of customers. This ensures that the profitable performance of the palm kernel shell charcoal making machine meets customer requirements. The following provides you with an ROI analysis of an Africa palm waste recycling project for your reference. Therefore, you can delve into the cost-effectiveness and long-term benefits of Beston palm charcoal production machine.

Return on Investment of BST-10 Palm Kernel Shell Pyrolysis Project in Africa
Introduction According to the market data of  Africa, the estimated ROI report, the various expenses are as follows:
Item Details Unit Unit price/USD Quantity Amount/USD Total amount Remark
Operating Cost Raw materials palm shell Ton 36.50 24.00 876.00
Water / 0.00 1.50 0.00
Electricity / KWH 0.11 873.60 96.10
Fuel Diesel L 1.15 120.00 138.00
Labor / People 7.00 8.00 56.00
Maintenance / Day 50.00 1.00 50.00
End Products Price PKS Charcoal(BBQ) 30% Ton 320 7.2 2304.00 30% of input
Daily Income US$1,087.90
Monthly Income Working day Day 20 US$21,758.00
Yearly Income Working day Day 240 US$261,096.00

Beston Group Provides Charcoal Production Solutions Worldwide

As an expert in the field of waste recycling, Beston Group has established cooperation with 500+ customers around the world in charcoal production projects. In addition to the palm processing industry, we also provide waste recycling solutions for wood processing, food processing, agricultural planting and other industries. Here are some successful cases for your reference.

Work with Beston Group

Palm kernel shell charcoal making machine is an excellent solution for palm waste recycling. The machine is both sustainable and profitable. Therefore, if you are troubled by the disposal of large amounts of palm waste, just choose Beston Group’s recycling solution. We’ll provide full support for your investment’s long-term success. If you want to explore more waste recycling information, please follow us on LinkedIn.

Contact Us

Please specify your requirement by referring to the following aspects:

1What kind of solution will meet your demand? (Key point)

2What kind of material and expected end product are you planning to have? (Right solution begins from material and product)

3When is the project supposed to be running? (Key info for A-Z project programming)

4Budget for machinery purchasing? (Key info for right model)

5Points that you really focus on. (Customized service from our project consultant)



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